Monodox (doxycycline)

Short summary

Monodox, also known by its generic name doxycycline, is an antibiotic that is used in the treatment of various types of infections caused by bacteria and protozoa such as bacterial pneumonia, chlamydia infections, acne, early Lyme disease, cholera and syphilis. The usage to treat pimples and acne is specific that are caused by rosacea, also known as acne rosacea or adult acne. Additionally, it is useful for malaria treatment when used with quinine and for the prevention of malaria. Monodox can be used either by mouth or intravenously. Other US Brand Name for doxycycline includes Adoxa, Adoxa, CK Doryx, Oracea, Periostat, Vibramycin Monohydrate and Vibra-Tabs. Monodox comes under the class of antibiotics known as tetracycline. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth. However, it is not effective for colds, flu, or other virus infections. Don’t ever use this medicine without your doctor’s consultation.


Things to take note of when using Doxycycline

Make sure to inform your doctor of your allergy history to medicines, foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. Read the label or package ingredients carefully when buying non-prescription products. Monodox may slow down the growth of bones and cause permanent discoloration of the teeth.

Unless directed by the pediatrician Monodox should not be given to children of or under 8 years (except for treatment of exposure to inhalation anthrax).

Benefits of using doxycycline are much higher than the geriatric-specific problems that would occur in the elderly during that period. Since elderly patients are more likely to have kidney, liver, or heart problems, you have to be cautious and make adjustments in the Monodoxdose.

Using this drug during pregnancy has a potential risk to the fetus. However, in a life threatening situation or a serious disease, Monodox’s benefits may outweigh the potential risk. Since there are no adequate studies done on this matter, you have to weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Interactions with other drugs

It is not recommended to use doxycycline with the following drugs: Acitretin, Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Bacampicillin, Bexarotene, Cloxacillin, Dicloxacillin, Digoxin, Etretinate, Isotretinoin, Methicillin, Methotrexate, Nafcillin, Oxacillin, Penicillin G, Penicillin G Benzathine, Penicillin G Procaine, Penicillin V, Piperacillin, Pivampicillin, Sultamicillin, Temocillin, Tretinoin.

Using these together might increase the risk of having side effects. If both medicines are prescribed together; your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines. Discuss with your physician about the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco since they may cause interactions. Make sure you to inform your doctor if you have any other medical issues; especially asthma, diarrhea, vaginal candidiasis (yeast infection), or kidney problems.

How to Use Monodox

Take this drug exactly as prescribed by your doctor to decrease the chance of side effects. If the medicine upsets your stomach, it may help to take it with food or milk. You may take this medicine by breaking the tablets and sprinkling the broken tablets onto cold, soft food such as an applesauce. This mixture must be swallowed immediately without chewing and followed with a glass of cool water.

Another option is swallowing the capsule as a whole. To avoid throat irritation and ulceration, drink plenty of fluids.

When using Monodox to prevent malaria while traveling, start taking the medicine 1 or 2 days before you travel. Take it regularly during your trip and continue taking it for 4 weeks after you return. In order to avoid irritation of the throat, do not lay down right after taking this medicine.

Even if you begin to feel better after a few days don’t stop taking this medicine too soon, since your symptoms might return.


What if you missed a dose?

As soon as you remember, take the missed dose. If it’s almost time for your next scheduled does, skip the missed dose and take the medicine at the next daily scheduled time. Avoid taking extra medicine to compensate the missed dose.

How to store Monodox
Precautions to take while using Monodox

If you experience any of the following side effects or symptoms, tell your doctor.

Due to the use of Monodox you might get darkened skin, nails, eyes, teeth, gums, or scars. This drug might cause diarrhea and in some cases it can be severe. Symptoms may occur 2 months or more after you stop taking this medicine. Avoid using any medicine to stop diarrhea except on your doctor’s prescription.

If you are pregnant, be cautious to use this medication with the consent of your doctor. Inform your doctor if you’ve become pregnant during treatment. It’s important to note that birth control pills may be less effective during use of doxycycline. Using a non-hormonal method to birth control will be much more effective during doxycycline treatment.

Monodox increases the sensitivity to sunlight of your skin and this may cause a skin rash, itching, redness or other discoloration of the skin, or severe sunburn. Stay out of direct sunlight; especially at noon hours, if possible. You can use a sunscreen (minimum SPF 15), sunblock lipstick and wear protective clothing as an alternative if you must be out in the sun.

In cases of using doxycycline to fight malaria: Any signs of fever, rash, joint pain, or tiredness might occur from autoimmune syndrome. It is a must to consult a doctor at these times. This medicine may cause intracranial hypertension. This is more likely to occur in women of childbearing age who are overweight or have a history of intracranial hypertension. Tell your doctor right away if you have a headache, blurred vision, or changes in vision. You should restrain from antacids that contain aluminum, calcium or magnesium, or any product that contains iron such as vitamin or mineral supplements. Informing the medical doctor in charge before taking medical test is a must since use of monodox may affect the test results.

What are the possible side effects of Monodox?

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

  • Inflammation of the joints, joint or muscle pain
  • Large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Numbness or tingling of the face, hands, or feet
  • Redness and soreness of the eyes, redness of the skin
  • Sore throat, sores in the mouth
  • Stomach cramps, stomach pain or tenderness
  • Swelling of the feet or lower legs
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Unusual weight loss
  • Abdominal or stomach tenderness, bloating, clay-colored stools
  • Cough
  • Dark urine
  • Decreased appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty with swallowing
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Feeling of discomfort
  • Fever, headache, dizziness
  • Hives, itching, puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  • Hives or welts, itching, or rash
  • Increased thirst
  • Unusual tiredness or weakness
  • Yellow eyes or skin

Some side effects usually do not need medical attention. These may reduce as you continue with your medication. Consult your doctor if these side effects become bothersome.

  • Back, leg, or stomach pains
  • Black, tarry stools
  • Bleeding gums
  • Blood in the urine or stools
  • Blurred vision
  • Bulging soft spot on the head of an infant
  • Change in the ability to see colors, especially blue or yellow
  • Chest pain, discomfort, or burning
  • Chills
  • Cracks in the skin
  • Decrease in vision
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Discoloration of the thyroid glands
  • Double vision
  • General body swelling
  • Heartburn
  • Increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight
  • Loss of heat from the body
  • Lower back or side pain
  • Nosebleeds
  • Pain or burning in the throat
  • Pain with swallowing
  • Painful or difficult urination
  • Pale skin
  • Pinpoint red spots on the skin
  • Rash with flat lesions or small raised lesions on the skin
  • Red, swollen skin
  • Redness or other discoloration of the skin
  • Redness, swelling, or soreness of the tongue
  • Scaly skin
  • Severe nausea
  • Severe stomach pain
  • Severe sunburn
  • Sores, ulcers, or white spots on the lips or tongue or inside the mouth
  • Unusual bleeding or bruising
  • Vomiting blood